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Here at Ending HIV we get a lot of questions about sexual health. So, before you submit your question, check if it has already been answered. Can’t find it? Submit it below and one of our peer experts will get back to you.

Ending HIV is a sexual health campaign for gay, bisexual and other guys who have sex with guys, based in NSW, Australia. If you are living overseas or in another state, there may be limits to the support we can provide. While our peers are highly knowledgeable, they can’t give specific medical advice. Whatever your concern, always seek the advice of a doctor or trained medical professional you trust.

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I had sex and condom broken Yesterday night.. What yo do

Hi there, thanks for your question. You should consider taking post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as soon as possible. PEP is a 4-week course of HIV treatment that is effective in preventing HIV infections when taken within 72 hours of the possible exposure. You can get PEP from sexual health clinics and hospital accident and emergency departments. If you are in NSW, Australia you can find the nearest location to access PEP by contacting the NSW PEP Hotline on 1800 737 669. You can also visit the Get PEP website for more info and where to find it here: https://www.getpep.info/.

Please Sir, I took combo test after 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 5 weeks post exposure and also took antibody only test at 7 weeks and all non-reactive. But I have sore throat, am I safe? Anxiety is killing me.

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. Your tests at 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 5 weeks and 7 weeks after you possible exposure may have happened too soon within the window period. This means that your non-reactive results may not be conclusive for your HIV status. We recommend contacting the medical centre the provided you your test to confirm what the window period for their test is. If you got tested after their window period, then your non-reactive result is conclusive for your negative HIV status. However, if you got tested within the window period, you will need to get tested again after the window period for a conclusive result of your HIV status. If you’ve continued to be sexually active, you will need to get tested again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. It's also important to note that symptoms for HIV can look very similar to other things! So before we get to ahead of ourselves, we would recommend consulting with your doctor for further medical advice if you’re experiencing persisting symptoms which can be caused by other things. A great way to reduce your anxieties with future sexual encounters is using an effective HIV prevention strategy every time you have sex. This includes condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) or undetectable viral load (UVL). We recommend consulting with your doctor who can further explain these and how to correctly use them if you are interested. You can read more about these options on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. If for whatever reason you didn’t use one of these strategies and have possibly been exposed to HIV, we highly recommend considering post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4-week course of anti-HIV drugs a person can take after they’ve possibly been exposed to HIV to prevent an HIV infection. For PEP to be effective you must start treatment within 72 hours of possible exposure. PEP can be accessed at sexual health clinics or emergency hospital departments. You can also find more info at the Get PEP website (https://www.getpep.info/) or call the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW) where a person can assess your risk and provide you with further info over the phone. If you live in NSW and have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Hello. Hiv 4th generation test after 47 days is conclusive?

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. Your test at 47 days after you possible exposure may have happened within the window period. This means that your result may not be conclusive for your HIV status. We recommend contacting the medical centre the provided you your test to confirm what the window period for their test is. If you got tested after their window period, then your result is conclusive for your HIV status. However, if you got tested within the window period, you will need to get tested again after the window period for a conclusive result of your HIV status. If you’ve continued to be sexually active, you will need to get tested again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. If you live in NSW and have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I never think I was exposed to HIV but started having crazy symptoms i was involved with a person for 2 years on the side of my husband..i tested 5 times in 9 months when I quit the affair this January all were negative should I be worried.. I had 3 4th gen tests and 2 rapids..

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. Any tests you had from at least 3 months after your last sexual encounter with your sexual partner would have happened outside the window period. This means that any negative results you received outside of the window period are conclusive for your HIV status. However, if you’ve continued to be sexually active, you will need to get tested again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. For people in monogamous relationships, we recommend getting tested at least once a year. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. Symptoms for HIV can look very similar to other things! If you are experiencing any persisting symptoms that you’re concerned about, we recommend consulting with your doctor or health professional for further medical advice. If you live in NSW and have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Hi. I had protected sex with a csw, but during sex when i took rest for sometime ,after that the girl put on the same used condom again(had not cummed). I panicked and consulted a physician i was put on PEP( lamivudine+zidovudine) due to my anxiety and also i was drunk. After 5 days of exposure i started experiencing all symptoms of acute hiv(fever, sputum cough,mouth ulcer, petechae, night sweat)with extreme form of anxiety where i would go countless days without sleep or food . symptoms dint come all at once . they came nd went again came. I tested with ELISA at 3Weeks, TRIDOT test at 70 days, 80days and 90 days. All negative. As i was anxious i tested again with ECLIA HIV at 195 Days negative My questions are 1. Is 90 days tridot conclusive( i still am extremely anxious whether tests are conclusive or not) 2 my symptoms match acute hiv? 3 was it necessary to take that 195(6.5month test)

Hi, Thanks for your question. For your first question - tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. We always recommend confirming what the window period of your test is with your test provider, and if your results are conclusive. Although your tests at 3 weeks, 70 days and 80 days may have happened during the window period (which means the results may not be conclusive for your HIV status), your test at 90 days and 195 days sits outside the window period. This means that the negative results you received from these tests are conclusive for your HIV status. However, if you’ve continued to be sexually active, you will need to get tested again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. For your second question – although the symptoms you’re experiencing look like symptoms for HIV, it’s important to remember that HIV symptoms look very similar to other things. If you are experiencing persisting symptoms, we recommend having a check-up with your doctor or health professional who can provide you with further medical advice. For question 3 – how ‘necessary’ your test at 195 days really depends on your sexual behaviour. If this sexual encounter was your last encounter then you would not have needed this test as your test at 90 days (which sits outside the window period) is conclusive. But as said above, if you’ve continued to be sexually active then this test would be necessary as you would need to continue regular sexual health testing. If you live in NSW and have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I did HIV ELISA screening test (4th gen) after having sex with condom at 59 days. The results is non reactive. I did 2 home test hiv test at 58 days , both non reactive. I did one home test HiV rapid test at 90 days, two at 94 day. All the three tests came back non reactive. I did another lab hiv1/2 from the blood from the vein at 107 days. The result is non reactive. Are these test conclusive ?

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. We always recommend confirming with your test provider what their window periods are. Your tests at 58 and 59 days may have happened in the window period, so the results you received from those tests may possibly have not been conclusive. To confirm if they are conclusive, we recommend contacting the test provider. However, your tests at 90, 94 and 107 days happened outside of the window period. This means that the non-reactive results you received from these tests are conclusive for your negative HIV status. If you’ve continued to be sexually active, you will need to get tested again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Do I need to repeat testing after a negative antigen/antibody combo test at 63 days post potential exposure?

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. Your test at 63 days may have happened within the window period. This means that the negative results you received may not have been conclusive for your HIV status. We recommend contacting the medical centre that provided your tests to confirm what their window period is and if your test results are conclusive for your HIV status. If you got tested in the window period, you will need to get tested again after the period for a conclusive result. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. Also, to reduce your risk of exposure to HIV in the future we recommend using an effective HIV prevention strategy every time you have sex. There are so many options today, which include condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and undetectable viral load (UVL). If you’re interested in any of these strategies, we recommend having a chat with your doctor who can provide you with medical advice and go through the correct ways to use these strategies. You can find more info about these options on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. If for whatever reason you didn’t use one of these strategies during sex, and have possibly been exposed to HIV again in the future, we would then recommend accessing post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4 week course of anti-HIV drugs a person can take after possible exposure to HIV to prevent an infection. For PEP to be effective, you must start it within 72 hours of possible exposure. It can be accessed at sexual health clinics or emergency hospital departments. You can find more info on PEP http://getpep.info/ or by calling the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW). If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Can someone really contact HIV when her male partner release on the top of her vagina

Hi, Thanks for your question. For HIV to be transmitted it requires the bodily fluids (blood, semen, precum, anal fluids, front hole or vaginal fluids, or breast milk) of a HIV positive person who is not on treatment to enter the bloodstream of a HIV negative person. This means that HIV is often transmitted through unprotected penetrative sex or sharing injecting equipment. You can read more about HIV and how it’s transmitted here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/hiv/. If the sexual partners only engaging in hand jobs or oral sex and then cumming on one of the partner’s vulva, then there is no risk for HIV transmission. Although there is a hypothetical risk if there are cuts or sores present on a person’s vulva which is coming into contact with infected bodily fluids, the risk of this happening is considered quite low. However, if they are engaging in unprotected vaginal sex beforehand, then this would be considered high risk for HIV transmissions. In order to reduce your risk of HIV transmissions, we recommend always using an effective HIV prevention strategy whenever you have sex. This includes condoms, , pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) or undetectable viral load (UVL). You can find more info about these options on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. Also, the risk of transmitting other STIs through the act you’ve described can be different. We recommend to anyone who’s sexually active to have regular sexual health check-ups and to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I was having sex while using condom i now noticed that the condom Bose and i remove it immediately. Since than my mind has been troubled

Hi, Thanks for your question. If you’re condom broke during sex and you’re concerned about possible risk for HIV exposure, we would recommend accessing post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4 week course of anti-HIV drugs a person can take after possible exposure to HIV to prevent an infection. For PEP to be effective, you must start the treatment within 72 hours of the possible HIV exposure. PEP can be accessed at sexual health clinics or emergency hospital departments. If you live in NSW, you can call the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW). You can also find more info about PEP and where to access it here: http://getpep.info/. We also have info on our website about condoms and how to correctly use them in order to avoid breakages in the future. You can read about it here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/all-about-condoms/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.