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I had sex with a girl some weeks ago the only symptoms am feeling is my coughing manner just a little cough and I smoke flavor so pls am confuse what it might be can it be HIV

Hi, Thanks for your question. Symptoms for HIV can be very similar to other things. We always recommend to people experiencing symptoms that they should seek further medical advice by visiting their doctor or health professional. However, understanding the current situation with COVID-19, if you have a cold or flu-like symptoms you should avoid close contact with others, practice social distancing making sure you keep a distance of 1.5 metres between yourself and other people and that you are washing your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds. If you have been overseas in the last 14 days, you should also self isolate for 14 days and monitor your symptoms. If your symptoms persist, we recommend calling your doctor or Healthdirect on 1800 022 222. If your symptoms are severe, visit your local Emergency Department, and immediately tell staff when you arrive where you have travelled or if you have been in contact with a confirmed case. You can read more on ACON's COVID-19 Statement here: www.aconhealth.org.au/acon_coronavirus_covid_19_statement

I took profilaxis for only a week, before that I tested three monts later and six months later, my question is: this results are reliable

Hi, Thanks for your question. HIV tests can have a window period of between 2 weeks to 3 months depending on the test. This is the period of time it takes from any possible exposure to HIV to show a reactive result in the test. This means that your test results at 3 months and 6 months after your possible exposure are conclusive for your HIV status. However, if you have had sex since then, you will need to test again. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year. You can read more about HIV testing and the window period here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/ Also, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is most effective after it is taken once a day for 7 days, and continues to be highly affective when taken daily. You can read more about PrEP here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/prep/ For post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), it is most effective when started with 72 hours of possible exposure, and when the 4-week course of treatment is completed. You can read more about PEP here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/pep/ If you were using either PrEP or PEP, it is important to make sure you are adhering to these dosing guidelines. If you are having trouble with adherence, it is best to further discuss with your doctor how you can better follow these guidelines. If you have further questions, you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Hello, I had a friend who offered me to test my blood sugar with his sugar testing pen. I wasn’t sure about the lancet. I’m afraid it was used by him and I don’t know his HIV status. My questions: 1- is the used lancet risky for transmission compared to the hollow syringe that may have blood inside it 2- i tested negative on the 4th gen (ag/ab) blood drawn from the vien at a very respectable lab at 4 & 7 weeks. Is that conclusive or i need further testing Thanks

Hi, Thanks for your question. If your friend used a new single-use lancet on you, then there would be no risk for HIV transmission. Maybe you can first check with him if this was the case. If you've reused a lancet that your friend has used and his HIV status is unknown, there would be risk for HIV transmission. There may also be possible risk for transmitting Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C if a used lancet was shared. However, Hepatitis B will often clear on its own, and there is also a vaccine available. There are also cures available for Hepatitis C. For more info, you can head to Hepatitis NSW here: https://www.hep.org.au/. HIV tests can have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. We would recommend getting in touch with the medical centre that provided your HIV test to confirm their window period, which will also confirm if your results are conclusive. If you have more questions, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624.

Hello My friend changed the door handle and key yesterday. After I left I closed the door and got the key. After 10 minutes, my nose was bleeding.blood. I pressed it into my nose with my finger to stop the blood. For example, if there  my friend blood in the door handle and key .if this blood is made in my hand, if I press the blood flowing of my nose, How long can hiv live outside of the body? can HIV be transmitted in this way? İ am sorry for bad english. Hope you understand my english.   Please  help  me. Best wishes.  Take care  Dicle

Hi, Thanks for your question. The risk of HIV being transmitted in the way you’re describing is very unlikely. For HIV to be transmitted, in must firstly exist in a person’s blood, semen, anal fluids or vaginal/front hole fluids, and requires one of these fluids to enter the blood stream of a HIV negative person. Often this means that HIV is mainly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse or sharing used injecting equipment. You can read more about HIV, transmission and prevention on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/hiv/

Hello Doctor my wife tested hiv antibody 1 and 2 test after our marriage of 7 months when she 3 month pregnant which she was non reactive after my marriage I have never sex with anyone else but previous of my marriage I was sexually active for more then years. My question is can she get wrong result as am facing some symptoms like bumps on back of tongue with white coating could this be sign of hiv/aids ?

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV can have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months, depending on the test. This is the period of time it takes for a reactive result to show up in a HIV test after possible exposure. We recommend to people getting tested for HIV to get a second test after the window period to confirm your HIV status. If both you and your wife had gotten HIV tests and have confirmed you are both HIV negative, and are in a monogamous relationship, then there should be no risk of HIV transmission between you two. If you have casual sex with other partners, we would then recommend considering HIV prevention strategies that work for you including condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), as well as regularly testing for HIV and STIs every 3 months with your doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about HIV prevention strategies here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. Your symptoms including the bumps on the back of your tongue could be caused by many different things other than HIV. If your symptoms are persisting, we recommend visiting your doctor who could provide you with a check-up and medical advice.

I was exposed and became undetectable 11yrs ago... I’ve never missed a dose until recently. What happens if I miss 4 days of doses due to a lost delivery? Panicking.. Thanks in advance

Hi, Thanks for your question. We would recommend continuing your treatment as soon as possible. It shouldn’t be too much of a concern if it was only this recent period and that you’re not missing your doses regularly. However, we would also recommend checking in with your doctor who prescribes you your treatment and seeking further medical advice from them. You can read more about treatment and the importance of adherence here: https://www.aidsmap.com/about-hiv/adherence-hiv-treatment

I want to do the p24 antigen test. How many days I need to wait after the last sex. My partner is infected, and I am now in a panic. I don't have medicare and how much money do I have to pay for the p24 antigen infection?

Hi, Thanks for your question. If your partner is a person living with HIV and they are on treatment, it is most likely they are sustaining an ‘undetectable viral load’ (UVL). A HIV positive person with an undetectable viral load means that their treatment is suppressing the level of the virus in their bodies to such a low level, they cannot transmit HIV to a HIV negative person. Most people in Australia living with HIV have a UVL. You can read more about UVL here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/ However, if your partner is newly diagnosed we would recommend them to start treatment as soon as possible, and for you to visit your doctor or local sexual health clinic to get tested and seek further medical advice. Depending on the test, tests for HIV can have a window period of between 2 weeks to 3 months. This is the time it takes for a reactive HIV result to appear after any possible exposure. It would be best to ask the medical centre or sexual health clinic providing you your HIV test how long the window period for their tests are. You can read more about testing and the window period on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. No need to worry if you don’t have Medicare or are worried about costs! To get tested for HIV and STIs at a sexual health clinic in NSW, you do not need Medicare and it is also free. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/ You should also consider post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a course of medication you take for 4 weeks after possible exposure to HIV, which is highly effective in prevention HIV transmissions. PEP must be started within 72 hours of possible exposure. It can be accessed at sexual health clinics or the hospital emergency department. You can find more info on the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW) or visit https://www.getpep.info/. If you have more questions, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I am a hertosexual male who has unprocted sex with females, How long do I need to wait to test for hiv

Hi, Thanks for your question. Depending on the test, tests for HIV can have a window period of between 2 weeks to 3 months. This is the time it takes for a reactive HIV result to appear after any possible exposure. It would be best to ask the medical centre or sexual health clinic providing you your HIV test how long the window period for their tests are. You can read more about testing and the window period on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have routine check-ups for HIV and STIs with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/

Dear sir Is hiv cmia test and ab test conclusive after 56 and 180 days respectively? Is hand job is a source of hiv transmition

Hi, Thanks for your question. There is no risk for HIV transmission through hand jobs or mutual masturbation. However, this can be different for other STIs, which can be easily treated. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have routine sexual health check-ups with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested at: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/. Depending on the test, HIV tests can have a window period of between 2 weeks to 3 months. This would mean your test at 180 days would be conclusive of your HIV status, however, for your other test at 56 days we recommend asking the medical centre that provided you your test what the window period of their test is, and if your result is conclusive. If you have more questions, you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.