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Here at Ending HIV we get a lot of questions about sexual health. So, before you submit your question, check if it has already been answered. Can’t find it? Submit it below and one of our peer experts will get back to you.

Ending HIV is a sexual health campaign for gay, bisexual and other guys who have sex with guys, based in NSW, Australia. If you are living overseas or in another state, there may be limits to the support we can provide. While our peers are highly knowledgeable, they can’t give specific medical advice. Whatever your concern, always seek the advice of a doctor or trained medical professional you trust.

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Does the fever hit extremely hard with sore throat and what does the rash look like

Hi, thanks for your question. While a fever, sore throat and rash can be symptoms of HIV and seroconversion, it could also be caused by any number of ailments. We would highly recommend that you visit your local doctor or sexual health clinic and get a sexual health check-up. If you live in NSW and have any further questions, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I had sex and condom broken Yesterday night.. What yo do

Hi there, thanks for your question. You should consider taking post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as soon as possible. PEP is a 4-week course of HIV treatment that is effective in preventing HIV infections when taken within 72 hours of the possible exposure. You can get PEP from sexual health clinics and hospital accident and emergency departments. If you are in NSW, Australia you can find the nearest location to access PEP by contacting the NSW PEP Hotline on 1800 737 669. You can also visit the Get PEP website for more info and where to find it here: https://www.getpep.info/.

I was exposed to HIV positive women. It was my first time. I didn't ejaculated inside her and I Wash my pennis right after intercourse with a soap will I get infection

Hi, Thanks for your message. If your partner is HIV positive and they are on treatment, then they may be sustaining an undetectable viral load (UVL). A HIV positive person with a UVL cannot transmit HIV to a negative person, which means that the risk for HIV transmission would be zero. You can read more about UVL here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/. However, if your partner is not on treatment then there is potential risk for HIV transmission. For people who have possibly been exposed to HIV, we recommend taking post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4-week course of anti-HIV drugs a HIV negative person can take after possible exposure to HIV to prevent an infection. For PEP to be effective it must be started within 72 hours of the possible exposure, and can be accessed from sexual health clinics or emergency hospital rooms. If you live in NSW, you can also call the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW) or visit the Get PEP website (https://www.getpep.info/) to find out more info and how to access PEP. To greatly reduce your risk of HIV exposure, we recommend always using an effective HIV prevention strategy every time you have sex. This includes using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), UVL or a combination of the three. You can find more info on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. For you situation, we would recommend getting tested for HIV with your doctor or local sexual health clinic, and to get tested again after the window period to confirm your HIV status. We also recommend visiting your doctor as soon as possible for further medical advice. You can read more about testing on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/all-about-testing/. If you live in NSW and have any further questions, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

hi there, I had a possible exposure with the sex worker and I tested negative with rapid HIV antibody test after 3 months and 4 months from possible exposure but I have body rashes, strep throat and joints pain which is not going away.

Hi, Thanks for your question. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. We always recommend confirming with your test provider what their window periods are. Your tests at 3 months and 4 months happened after the window period, which means that the results you received are conclusive for your HIV status. Symptoms for HIV can look very similar to symptoms for other things that may be happening to your body. We recommend visiting your doctor and seeking further medical advice from them for the symptoms you’re experiencing.

Hi I had unprotected sex with a prostitute and then she said she has aids now I'm unable to test here in my city due to some reason, I have to move to another city for test,so is that okay that I test after 2 months? Does that count for severe damage? And I tested one day after exposure it was negative and never had any test after that.

Hi, Thanks for your question. We recommend seeking further medical advice from your doctor as soon as possible. Tests for HIV have a window period of between 2 weeks and 3 months depending on the test. The ‘window period’ is the amount of time it takes for a reactive result to appear in a HIV test after being exposed to HIV. This means that your HIV test the day after your exposure to HIV would have happened too soon and the negative result you received was not conclusive for your HIV status. We recommend getting tested for HIV again with your doctor or local sexual health clinic after the window period. Depending on your HIV test, getting tested at 2 months for some tests may be within their window period which again means the result will not be conclusive and for other HIV tests, getting tested at 2 months is after the window period and will give a conclusive result. We recommend confirming with your test provider what their window period is the next time you get tested and if your results are conclusive. Also for people who have been exposed to HIV, we recommend they access post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4-week course of anti-HIV drugs a HIV negative person can take after possible exposure to HIV to prevent an infection. For PEP to be effective it must be started within 72 hours of the possible exposure, and can be accessed from sexual health clinics or emergency hospital rooms. If you live in NSW, you can also call the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW) or visit the Get PEP website (https://www.getpep.info/) to find out more info and how to access PEP. To greatly reduce your risk of HIV exposure in future sexual encounters, we recommend always using an effective HIV prevention strategy every time you have sex. Today, protection can include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), undetectable viral load (UVL) or a combination of the three. You can find more info on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. If you have further questions, we recommend consulting with your doctor.

Can someone really contact HIV when her male partner release on the top of her vagina

Hi, Thanks for your question. For HIV to be transmitted it requires the bodily fluids (blood, semen, precum, anal fluids, front hole or vaginal fluids, or breast milk) of a HIV positive person who is not on treatment to enter the bloodstream of a HIV negative person. This means that HIV is often transmitted through unprotected penetrative sex or sharing injecting equipment. You can read more about HIV and how it’s transmitted here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/hiv/. If the sexual partners only engaging in hand jobs or oral sex and then cumming on one of the partner’s vulva, then there is no risk for HIV transmission. Although there is a hypothetical risk if there are cuts or sores present on a person’s vulva which is coming into contact with infected bodily fluids, the risk of this happening is considered quite low. However, if they are engaging in unprotected vaginal sex beforehand, then this would be considered high risk for HIV transmissions. In order to reduce your risk of HIV transmissions, we recommend always using an effective HIV prevention strategy whenever you have sex. This includes condoms, , pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) or undetectable viral load (UVL). You can find more info about these options on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. Also, the risk of transmitting other STIs through the act you’ve described can be different. We recommend to anyone who’s sexually active to have regular sexual health check-ups and to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

I was having sex while using condom i now noticed that the condom Bose and i remove it immediately. Since than my mind has been troubled

Hi, Thanks for your question. If you’re condom broke during sex and you’re concerned about possible risk for HIV exposure, we would recommend accessing post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP is a 4 week course of anti-HIV drugs a person can take after possible exposure to HIV to prevent an infection. For PEP to be effective, you must start the treatment within 72 hours of the possible HIV exposure. PEP can be accessed at sexual health clinics or emergency hospital departments. If you live in NSW, you can call the PEP Hotline at 1800 737 669 (1800 PEP NOW). You can also find more info about PEP and where to access it here: http://getpep.info/. We also have info on our website about condoms and how to correctly use them in order to avoid breakages in the future. You can read about it here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/all-about-condoms/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

What’s the chances of HIV to be transmitted through a canker sore by kissing a person who’s HIV positive ? The other person is on Prep but just started taking it this past Saturday & the kissing happen Sunday night.

Hi, Thanks for your question. HIV cannot be transmitted through kissing as saliva is not a bodily fluid that can carry HIV. For HIV to be transmitted it requires the bodily fluids that can carry HIV (blood, semen, precum, anal fluids, front hole or vaginal fluids, or breast milk) from a HIV positive person who is not on treatment to enter the bloodstream of a HIV negative person. This means that HIV is often transmitted through unprotected penetrative sex or sharing injecting equipment. A canker sore can also be an entry point for HIV to enter the body and would require one of the fluids listed to come in contact with the sore. You can read more about HIV and how it’s transmitted here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/hiv/. A HIV positive person who is on treatment can suppress the viral load of HIV in their bodies to such low levels, we call it ‘undetectable viral load’ (UVL). A HIV positive person with a UVL cannot transmit HIV to a HIV negative person. UVL is also one of the most effective HIV prevention strategies, along with condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). You can read more about UVL on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/. If you have further sexual health questions you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

is it difficult for female to transmit hiv to a male through sex?

Hi, Thanks for your question. The level of HIV risk varies depending on the types of sex people are having. For a HIV negative people, the riskiest type of sex for HIV transmission is being the receptive partner (the bottom) during anal sex and not using a form of protection. Being the insertive partner (the top) during anal sex or having front hole or vaginal sex (whether insertive or receptive) is less risky for HIV. However, there is still a risk that is present! In order to significantly reduce this risk, we recommend always using an effective HIV prevention strategy every time you have sex. This includes condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) or undetectable viral load (UVL). We recommend consulting with your doctor about these options and how to correctly use them. You can read more about them on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/. We also recommend to sexually active people to continue routine sexual health check-ups and to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/. If you live in NSW and have more sexual health questions, you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.