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Here at Ending HIV we get a lot of questions about sexual health. So, before you submit your question, check if it has already been answered. Can’t find it? Submit it below and one of our peer experts will get back to you.

Ending HIV is a sexual health campaign for gay, bisexual and other guys who have sex with guys, based in NSW, Australia. As such, we prioritise questions received in relation to these communities. If you are living overseas or in another state, there may be limits to the support we can provide. While our peers are highly knowledgeable, they can’t give specific medical advice. Whatever your concern, always seek the advice of a doctor or trained medical professional you trust.

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Can syphilis,or any other sti,cause a false negative 4th generation hiv test at 3 months,5 months ,and ab hiv test at 7 months.

Hi, Thanks for your question. No - Having an STI present won’t produce a false negative result in your HIV tests. However, the presence of STIs, such as syphilis, can increase the risk of HIV being transmitted as the sores and infections can be easy points for HIV to enter your bloodstream. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV and STIs 4 times a year (every 3 months) with their doctor or local sexual health clinic so that they are on top of their health and able to access necessary treatments when needed. If you have further sexual health questions, you can call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Can someone living with hsv type 2 for more than 3years have a normally delivery or will the baby catch hsv 2

Hi, Thanks for your question. According to Family Planning NSW, “if a person develops their first outbreak of herpes less than 6 weeks before they give birth, then there is a risk of transmitting herpes to the baby during delivery, and obstetricians usually advise delivery by caesarean section. Recurrent herpes in pregnancy or a first outbreak before 34 weeks gestation usually causes no problems. It is important to tell your obstetrician that you have had herpes, so that they can monitor you for outbreaks and advise on whether to take anti-viral tablets and whether to have a vaginal/front hole or caesarean delivery.” You can find their resource here: https://www.fpnsw.org.au/sites/default/files/assets/HERPES.pdf. If you’re looking for further medical advice, we recommend consulting with your doctor or health professional.

are there any documented cases of hiv from oral (giving) 'cunnilingus'.Please what is the risk

Hi, Thanks for your question. Oral sex is considered very low to no risk for HIV transmission. However, this can be different for other STIs, which are easily treatable. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have routine sexual health check-ups with their doctor or sexual health clinic 4 times a year. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/ If you have any more questions, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.

Can you transmit oral gonorrhea through sharing a cup with people?

Hi, Thanks for your question. Gonorrhoea is not transmitted through sharing cups. It is transmitted through oral sex, penetrative sex or fingering and fisting if your hands have come into contact with infected bodily fluids. Also, gonorrhoea sometimes does not show symptoms but is easily treated with antibiotics. If you are sexually active, we recommend having regular sexual health check-ups for HIV & STIs with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. You can read more about gonorrhoea on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/gonorrhoea/

Hi, I'm 25 years old male, virgin recently i did protected oral sex with my gf & I cum inside the condom, she also did rough hanjob which I felt pain in my p, instructed her to do slowly& sofly. No vaginal sex whatsoever, 4 days later I had a blister in outer side of my lips which later turn active bleeding wound & it disappeared afterwards I felt some sensation in softer part of my penis I scratched it with my fingers it turns into small red wound which I felt discomfort & worries me alot. 1. Did I put myself into risk of stds, protected oral sex I checked condom afterwards & it was intact 2. I don't felt burning sensation when urinating & discharge, I taught this was safe sex how worried should I be? 3. Do you think rough hand job can cause pain in the penis & intense scratching penis with fingers can turn it into sore. 4. I'm worried do u think I Ned to run std test or I will buy ailment from pharmacist. I'm frustrated Kindly help

Hi, Thanks for your question. Oral sex with a condom and handjobs are considered very low to no risk for most STIs. The blister in your mouth and discomfort in your penis can be caused by many different things that are not STI-related. Having an STI isn’t too big of a concern because many STIs have treatments. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have regular sexual health check-ups with their doctor or local sexual health clinic to be aware of their own health. If you have more concerns, we recommend having a chat with your doctor or calling the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where someone can answer your questions over the phone.

What is sTI

Hi, Thanks for your question. STI stands for sexually transmitted infection. They can be passed on through sexual intercourse, oral sex, exchange of bodily fluids or skin to skin contact. There are many types of STIs and many have treatments. However, it’s always better to reduce your risk of getting an STI by using condoms and testing regular. A lot of STIs don’t show symptoms so we recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have regular check-ups with their doctor or local sexual health clinic to make sure you are aware of your health. You can read up more about STIs and the different types on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/

Hi my name is Zeke lyne-spink and I am afraid I may have std. Could you please send me a welcome pack so I can read about it and get tested as soon as possible?

Hi Zeke, Thanks for your question. Information on STIs can be found on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/sti/ We recommend anyone who is sexually active to get tested regularly with their doctor or at a sexual health clinic. If you’re living in NSW, you can find your nearest sexual health clinic here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/ For more information, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a person can have a chat to you about your situation.

What may be the problem when somebody had difficulty when urinating and at the end you see some blood coming out

Thanks for your question. Painful urination and discharge from your penis may be a sign of an STI, but they are not a sign of HIV. There are also a range of other conditions that could cause the same symptoms. You should see a doctor or sexual health nurse as soon as possible to discuss your symptoms and possible treatment pathways.

Hello. Are unclean sex toys capable of transmitting HIV? unclean: unwashed (not used by anyone else)

Hi, thank you for your question. If not one else had used the sex toy, and there was no reason that it would have been exposed to HIV, then it isn’t possible for a sex toy to transmit HIV. If you were using unclean sex toys, it would be possible, however, for bacteria to build up on the sex toy and cause a bacterial infection. We always recommend that you thoroughly wash your sex toys after you use them. https://endinghiv.org.nz/sex/sex-toys