Can someone transmit HIV to another person through oral sex precum if that person is undetectable and on medication?
Hi, Thanks for your question.
Oral sex is considered very low to no risk for HIV transmissions. However, this can be different for other STIs, which are easily treatable. We recommend to anyone who is sexually active to have regular sexual health check-ups with their doctor or local sexual health clinic. If you live in NSW, you can find the nearest place to get tested here: https://endinghiv.org.au/test-often/where-to-get-tested/.
People living with HIV who are on effective treatment and sustaining an undetectable viral load (UVL) cannot transmit HIV to a negative person through any form of sexual activity. In fact, UVL is one of the most effective HIV prevention strategies along with condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). You can read more about UVL on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/all-about-treatment/
Hi i want to ask if we are treating both of me and my patner we hace to use condoms every time? And wat gna happened or effects? if someone is not taking treatment between 2 of us?
Hi, That is a really good question!
If both you and your partner have only just started HIV treatment, it is still important to continue using condoms until you both have sustained an undetectable viral load. If one or both of you still have a detectable viral load and are having unprotected sex, there is a risk that you can possibly pass on a different strain of HIV and reinfect each other, or become susceptible to drug-resistant strains of HIV. The Terrence Higgins Trust website has useful information on this here: https://www.tht.org.uk/hiv-and-sexual-health/living-well-hiv/sex-and-relationships/when-youre-both-positive
If you are seeking for more medical advice, we recommend having a chat with your doctor or health professional who specialises in HIV. If you live in NSW, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where a sexual health nurse can answer your questions over the phone.
Only after physical contact i get to know my boy friend do the test and his doctor said he is HIV positive but undetectable =untransmitted
Do i have chances to get the virus too
Hi, That’s a really good question. People living with HIV who are on treatment can suppress their viral load to such a small amount that we call it ‘undetectable’. People who are HIV positive with an undetectable viral load (UVL) cannot transmit the virus to a HIV negative person. In fact, most people living with HIV are on treatment and are sustaining a UVL. Along with condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), UVL is also one of the most effective HIV prevention strategies. You can read more about UVL on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/. We still recommend to anyone who is sexually active to get tested for HIV & STIs 4 times a year with their doctor or local sexual health clinic if they have multiple partners. If you are in a monogamous relationship, we recommend getting a sexual health check-up once a year.
Last February I checked the blood at KRC at Kingkross and found that I was infected by viral load 215,000 and CD4 in the amount of 200. After that, I received the drug called "Biktarvy" for 2 months. I went to have a new blood test and found Undetectable 2 months later. I had a new blood test. It turns out that the Viral load is 45, causing me a lot of anxiety, but the doctors at KRC told me that it's okay. Therefore would like to discuss what I should do
Hi, Thanks for your question. While on treatment, a person living with HIV can sustain an undetectable viral load (UVL). This means that the level of HIV in the person’s body is so low that it cannot be modern testing cannot detect it. Having a viral load of 45 copies/mL is considered an undetectable viral load. Having a UVL can improve the overall health of a person living with HIV. Also, a person who sustains a UVL for 6 months or more cannot transmit HIV to another person. This means that UVL is one of the most effective HIV prevention strategies along with condoms, PrEP and PEP. You can read more about UVL on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/blog/risk-reduction-strategies-uvl/ We would recommend continuing your treatment in order to sustain a UVL.
ACON also provides lots of support services for people who are newly diagnosed. This includes counselling, one-on-one peer support, as well as Genesis workshops. You can find out more information on these services by calling ACON at 9206 2000 or through the website here: https://www.acon.org.au/what-we-are-here-for/hiv-support/#newly-diagnosed-with-hiv-services
How about if a person is HIV positive undetectable, and takes his ARV medication everyday but also has genital Herpes. If he has herpes outbreak will he be able to give the other person HIV through that even though he’s undetectable?
Hi, Thanks for your question. Undetectable viral load (UVL) is a highly effective HIV prevention strategy. A person living with HIV who is on treatment and is sustaining a UVL cannot transmit HIV to a negative person, and having a herpes outbreak will not make a difference. You can read more about UVL on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/ However, there may be a risk for herpes itself or other STIs to be transmitted. We would recommend visiting Sydney Sexual Health Centre or your local sexual health clinic where they can provide treatment for genital herpes. Appointments can be made through their website here: https://www.sshc.org.au/.
Today I found out my ex was born with hiv we had unprotected sex In 2016 and he’s just now telling me and I’m super scared
I’ve been checked in December 2018 only thing came back was chlamydia then I went the hospital for having lower belly pains I’m may of 2019 and they did test and it was a uti and everything came back negative . I did research and it said it take 4-6weeks to show up . And it’s been years so should I be safe
Hi, Thanks for your question. Most people living with HIV are aware of their status and are on treatment, which means that many are sustaining an undetectable viral load. People living with HIV who have a UVL are unable to transmit HIV to another person. You can read more about UVL and how it is an effective HIV prevention strategy on our website here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/. From the tests that you have had, the results are conclusive that there was no HIV transmission from the sex you had in 2016. If you’ve continued to be sexually active with other partners, we recommend having regular sexual health check-ups with your doctor or local sexual health clinic. For more information, you can also call the Sexual Health Infolink at 1800 451 624 where someone can answer your questions over the phone.
Below what value is considered UVL? I recently got exposed to someone with viral load of 100. Am i at risk of infection?
Hi, thank you for your question. What you have described would be considered negligible risk for HIV transmission. The Partner study in 2017 showed that people with a viral load under 200 copies had not passed HIV on to their sexual partners. You can read more about this in on our website: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/ Also, see our position paper: https://www.acon.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Position-Statement-Undetectable-Viral-Load-2014.pdf
How much risk of having sex with ur partner both have HIv by not using protection
Hi, thank you for your question. In terms of HIV transmission there is no risk. However, there is a risk of acquiring of sexually transmitted infections. As such, it is important to have a regular testing regime. You can also calculate your risk through our online tool: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/risk-calculator/
Have a new partner who is poz and on treatment. I need to know what I can and can't do before I proceed into this relationship. I am negative. Are simple things like toothbrushes, kissing, cold sores and so on dangerous. I feel out of my league here.
Any help would be appreciated
Hi, thanks for getting in touch! The first thing that you should ascertain is whether your new partner is undetectable. Chances are, he probably is! The vast majority of people who are HIV positive and on treatment are able to achieve what we call an undetectable viral load (UVL). Being undetectable means that the treatments have supressed the virus so much that the level of HIV in the body is extremely low. The great thing is, someone who is undetectable is unable to pass on the virus! So if your new partner falls into this category, you will be protected from HIV due to his undetectable status. You can find out more about UVL here: https://endinghiv.org.au/treat-early/about-undetectable/
For a small number of poz guys, achieving an undetectable viral load is not possible. If your partner is on treatment but not undetectable, he will definitely still have a lower viral load than someone who is not on treatment. So him being on treatment, even if he is not undetectable, means that you will still have some protection.
For HIV transmission to occur, fluid containing enough of the virus (such as blood or semen), needs to enter your blood stream. So things like fucking without condoms (where cum or precum can enter your bloodstream through the membranes in your arse) is high risk (but only if there is enough HIV in the fluid). If he’s undetectable fucking without condoms is safe for HIV transmission – he can’t pass the virus onto you. Things like fucking with condoms, kissing, oral sex and skin to skin contact are all safe for HIV transmission, regardless of whether your partner is undetectable or not.
Another thing that you may want to look into is PrEP. PrEP is a medication that someone who is HIV negative can take daily to prevent contracting HIV. If you are based in Australia, PrEP is very easy to get – you just need to go to your local GP or sexual health clinic and the doctor can write a prescription for you. Once you have the script you can either buy PrEP from a local pharmacy or order it online from overseas. PrEP is extremely effective and is great for peace of mind. You can find out more about PrEP here: https://endinghiv.org.au/stay-safe/prep/
If you have any further questions don’t hesitate to get in touch!